A dachshund or wiener dog
Dachshund dogs are members of the hound family that was developed specifically for the purpose of hunting animals which dwell in ground holes. With a long, narrow build the dachshund is frequently referred to as a wiener dog. While dachshund dogs have enjoyed a long hunting history, believed to date back to ancient Egypt, this type of dog has also been very popular with royalty all over the world for quite some time.
Wiener dogs are also known as Dachels and Teckels, with the breed originating in Germany. In German, the name dachshund means badger dog, which refers to the original purpose for the breeding of this dog, to hunt badgers. Later, wiener dogs emigrated to the United States where there are now six varieties. These varieties include two sizes of three coat types each. While most people are generally more familiar with the traditional short-haired dachshund, long-haired and wire-haired varieties are also common. The same coat varieties are also present within the miniature dachshund dogs. The most common coat colors for this dog are black and tan and red.
At full maturity dachshund dogs weigh only about 15 pounds on average. Miniature dachshunds typically weigh less than 12 pounds. The dachshund is particularly well known for its lively, clever personality. Wiener dogs tend to bond very closely with their masters, although they get along with other humans as well.
They can be difficult to house train though.
While relatively healthy, the dachshund does tend to suffer from spinal problems as result of their long, narrow build. For this reason it is recommended that dachshunds be kept at an ideal weight, as obesity can worsen any potential spinal health issues. Furthermore, jumping and climbing stairs should be discouraged in order to keep spinal problems at a minimum for dachshund dogs.
Ideal weight: 8-10 kg
Average height: 35-45 cm
Life expectancy: 12-15 years